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Humanities: World War I (Hot Spots)

Timelines and maps

Lead up to WWI

Franz Ferdinand and the July Crisis

If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany

If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany

Image source: Wikimedia Commons. "Chain of Friendship." Attribuited to American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914

Changing Technology

Infographic summarising the four main chemicals used in WWI

Propoganda posters

British propoganda poster, WWI

Merchant shipping bringing imported food supplies into Britain was extremely vulnerable to German U Boat attack.

Attribution: Designated F.C. poster no.21

Poster advertising German war bonds

"This is how your money helps you fight! Turned into submarines, it keeps enemy shells away! That's why you should subscribe to war bonds!"

Attribution: Lucian Bernhard

Australia joins the war

Australians will stand beside the mother country to help and defend her to our last man and our last shilling

"Whatever happens, Australia is part of the Empire right to the full." PM Joseph Cook

First stop: Egypt

Lines of the Australian 9th and 10th Battalions at Mena Camp, looking towards the Pyramids. The soldier in the foreground is playing with a kangaroo, the regimental mascot. Many Australian units brought kangaroos and other Australian animals with them to Egypt, and some were given to the Cairo Zoological Gardens when the units went to Gallipoli.

Australian Regimental Mascot in Egypt training camp

Source: Australian War Memorial

Gallipoli

New Zealand and Australian soliders landing at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, Turkey, April 25, 1915

Source: National Library of New Zealand

The Western Front

The 14th Battery of Australian Field Artillery in action near Bellewaarde Lake, in the Ypres Sector. Alongside this position was the famous 'Corduroy', a track, the only one possible, used by all troops moving forward. Completely encircling Bellewaarde Lake, it was continuously under shellfire, and many casualties were sustained by the Australians in its vicinity. Identified, left to right, foreground: Corporal Nixon; Gnr (Gnr) Fosberg, placing shell in gun (died of wounds a few days after this photograph was taken. Unable to verify this name on the First World War Nominal Roll); 29349 Gnr T C Roberts (partially obscured); 7090 Sergeant Richard, fitter (extreme right with back to camera); 28314 Gnr J M Bruton (in background, in line with rows of shells, wearing shorts).

Australian Field Artillery in action near Bellewaarde Lake, in the Ypres Sector

Source: Australian War Memorial

The Home Front

Anti-concription poster WWI

Source: Australian War Memorial

Pro-conscription poster from WWI

Source: Australian War Memorial

Paris Peace Conference

Political cartoon - Paris Peace Conference

Berryman, C. K. (1919). Redrawing Europe. Retrieved 6 December 2016, from https://catalog.archives.gov/id/6011552

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of Versailles - a bitter pill for Germany to swallow. Policical cartoon

Originally published in a British Newspaper
Image source: http://www.melinadruga.com/the-treaty-of-versailles-solved-one-problem-caused-more/

Political cartoon - Versalles Peace Quarters by Berryman

Berryman, C.K. (1918?). The seance that failed [Illustration]. Retrieved December 7, 2016, from https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/january-18/.

Effects of WWI

Propoganda posters

Australian WWI recruitment poster "It is nice in the surf. But what about the men in the trenches? Go and help"

Join the Eastern Frontier Guards! Protect your country against bolshevism!

Attribution: Lucian Bernhard (1919)

Canadian propoganda poster, WWI

Source: ww1propaganda.com

U.S. propoganda poster, WWI

Attribution: Howard Chandler Christy, artist; c. 1917

Indian recruitment poster, WWI

Who will take this uniform, money and rifle? The one who will join the army.

Source: Imperial War Museum